Présentation de David Horst, intitulée « Moral Worth and Skillful Action ».
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Someone acts in a morally worthy way when they deserve credit for doing the morally right thing. But when and why do agents deserve credit for the success involved in doing the right thing? A recently popular view seeks to answer that question by drawing an analogy with creditworthy success in sports, arts, and crafts: just like creditworthy success in, say, chess, piano playing, or carpentry, creditworthy moral success is a matter of getting things right by way of manifesting a relevant skill. In this paper, I pursue two aims. The first aim is to show that the analogy with skillful action is flawed because it delivers wrong verdicts as to when doing the morally right thing is relevantly non-accidental. The second aim is to lay the groundwork for an alternative account, according to which morally creditworthy action is a matter of manifesting virtue, not skill—a claim that’s based on an important, but underappreciated, difference between virtues and skills.