« The consequences of being an object of suspicion: Potential pitfalls of proactive policing »
Résumé : During the latter half of the 20th century a new model of policing developed in the United States. That model continues to dominate American policing today. It has two key features. First, it proactively attempts to prevent crime through the widespread use of police stops and arrests for minor crimes. Second, it imposes policing policies and practices upon communities via coercion, i.e. through the threat or use of legal sanctions. Data from a national survey indicates that this approach to policing does not lower fear of crime; increase the perceived risk of punishment for rule breaking; or strongly impact perceptions of disorder. On the other hand, it has damaged the social bonds between the police and the community; undermined police legitimacy and led to declines in public willingness to cooperate with the police. This paper examines how such policies developed, why they are problematic, and how a focus on building popular legitimacy would be more desirable.
Tom Tyler est l’auteur de Why People Obey the Law?, Psychology and the design of legal institutions et Why people cooperate?.
Mardi 17 mars 2015, 16h30-18h30
Salon François Chevrette (A-3464)