Globally, pharmaceutical industry carbon emissions are more than 50% higher than the automotive sector. This talk will first overview contributing factors to the carbon emissions of health care in general. It will second focus on the carbon emissions of pharmaceuticals, distinguishing between upstream pharmaceutical carbon, which comes from research, development, and production and downstream pharmaceutical carbon, which comes from prescribing practices. It will third describe the normative significance of pharmaceutical production and prescribing for medical ethics and environmental ethics. The discussion will identify policy and practice based strategies for pharmaceutical carbon reduction.
Cristina Richie, PhD is a Lecturer in the Philosophy and Ethics of Technology department at the Delft University of Technology and was the School of Social and Political Science Research Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities, University of Edinburgh in 2020. Richie was previously an Assistant Professor in the Bioethics and Interdisciplinary Studies Department at the Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University (Greenville, NC).
Her research is dedicated to just, sustainable health care. In addition to her monographs, Principles of Green Bioethics: Sustainability in Health Care (Michigan State University Press, 2019); Environmental Ethics and Medical Reproduction (Oxford University Press, forthcoming), Dr. Richie is the author of over fifty articles in journals including The Lancet, American Journal of Bioethics, the Journal of Medical Ethics, and the Hastings Center Report.